The process of a woman carrying a growing embryo or foetus inside her body is known as Pregnancy. When a vigorous sperm and a fertile ovum, also known as an egg, combine, a new individual formed.
How does pregnancy happen?
Sperm and an egg must come into contact for pregnancy to occur. The implantation of a fertilized egg in the lining of the uterus starts the process of pregnancy. Till 2-3 weeks after having sex there are chances of getting pregnant.
How does a woman become pregnant?
Becoming pregnant is a multi-step process that is rather complex. An egg and sperm cells are the basis of everything.
Testicles produce the cells that become sperm. Semen (cum), which is produced when sperm and other fluids combine, emerges from the penis during ejaculation. Every time you ejaculate, millions of sperm are released, but pregnancy can occur with just one sperm cell if it meets an egg.
The hormones that regulate your menstrual cycle cause a small number of eggs to mature each month. Eggs are found in ovaries. When egg is mature, it indicates it is prepared for sperm cell fertilisation. Additionally, these hormones thicken and swell the lining of your uterus, One developed egg exits the ovary around halfway through your menstrual cycle (ovulation), making its way through the fallopian tube to your uterus.
The egg waits for sperm for roughly 12 to 24 hours while slowly travelling along the fallopian tube.
If semen penetrates the vagina, sperm cells may be able to float up through the cervix. The uterus, along with sperm, propels sperm towards the fallopian tubes. If the sperm and egg are moving through your fallopian tubes simultaneously, they may unite. The sperm has up to six days to unite with an egg before it dies.
The joining of a sperm cell and an egg is known as fertilisation. It takes time for fertilisation to take place. There may be up to 6 days between sexual activity and conception since sperm can remain in a woman’s uterus and fallopian tube for up to 6 days following sex.
The fertilised egg travels down the fallopian tube and toward the uterus if a sperm cell does connect with your egg. It starts to divide into increasingly more cells, growing into a ball. A blastocyst is a ball of cells that enters the uterus 3–4 days after conception.
For an additional two to three days, the cell ball floats in the uterus. Pregnancy formally begins when the ball of cells implants itself into the lining of your uterus, a process known as implantation.
Following fertilisation, the process of implanting a baby typically begins around day six and lasts for three to four days. Cells on the interior of the ball form the embryo. The cells on the outside of the ball are where the placenta grows.
Womens don’t have their menstrual cycle when they are pregnant as when a fertilised egg implants in the uterus, it releases pregnancy hormones that stop the uterine lining from shedding. The thick uterine lining leaves your body during your mentrual cycle if your egg does not combine with sperm or if a fertilised egg does not implant in your uterus. Up to 50% of naturally fertilised eggs
are expelled from the body during your period rather than implanting in the uterus.
What signs of early pregnancy are there?
Early in their pregnancies, many women experience symptoms; however, some women experience no symptoms at all.
Pregnancy symptoms and indicators frequently include:
• Missed Menstrual cycle
• Breasts that are swollen or painful
• Vomiting and/or nauseous
• Feeling worn out
• More frequent urination than normal
Some early pregnancy symptoms can occasionally resemble those of other common ailments (like PMS). Therefore, a pregnancy test is the only way to determine for certain whether you are pregnant. You can acquire a pregnancy test at your doctor’s office or the nearby Planned Parenthood Health Center, or you can perform a home pregnancy test (the kind you buy at the drug or grocery shop).
How old is gestation?
The definition of “gestational age” is essentially how far along you are in your pregnancy. Beginning on the first day of your most recent menstrual cycle, your gestational age is calculated (called LMP)
Activities to do while pregnant
- Take supplements of vitamin D and folic acid
- Eat healthfully.
- Keep moving.
- Avoid playing contact sports or diving.
- Keep an eye on your infant’s movements.
- If you’re in your third trimester, try sleeping on your side.
- Maintain your mental well-being.
- Think about making immunizations available.
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